There are three identified types of exercise. Each one has its own purpose and associated results on the human body. These types are described as follows:
Flexibility Exercise: This type of exercise is designed to improve the movements of muscles and joints. The most common examples of this type of exercise are the stretching and bending flexibility training exercises. A warm up using flexibility exercise is recommended prior to engaging in more formal and regimented programs as well as at the end of such programs to help the cooling down process. By employing a flexibility exercise program before and after a programmed workout helps reduce muscle soreness and/or injuries and assists in proper muscle recovery.
Anaerobic Exercise: These types of exercises are most often associated with building muscle and enhancement of their size, strength and endurance. Weight lifting is very commonly associated with being an anaerobic exercise. Muscular activities like functional training, weight training and sprinting are utilized. Flexibility exercise is very closely associated in the application of anaerobic exercises for warm up and cooling down periods. Without proper preliminary warm up and cooling down activities, extensive damage, i.e. muscle tearing, may result in the application of anaerobic exercises. Some activities that are included in this class of exercise are sit-ups, pull-ups, push-ups, squats and rowing. Use of weight lifting/bodybuilding equipment and/or resistance bands also falls within this category.
Aerobic Exercise: Also known as cardiovascular exercise, strengthens the muscles and promotes cardiovascular endurance. This is accomplished through targeting a specific heart rate and employment of exercises specifically designed to reach maximum and controlled heart rates. These types of exercises are aimed at improving oxygen intake by the body cells. Using a moderate to an increasingly higher intense exercise level for up to at least 20 minutes, moves the muscle groups as required to achieve effective oxygen intake and increased heart rate. Running, jogging, cycling, swimming, dancing and playing sports are typically identified as aerobic exercises. These exercises are most effective in helping to lose weight. These exercises should be preceded by a warm up period and then followed by a cooling down period.
It is never too late to start an exercise program, from the very youngest to the very oldest. If reluctant to exercise outdoors or in gyms (public places), you can always opt for specific exercise equipment and workouts in the home. An active exercise program has not only proven to be beneficial in improving physical health, but also helps in treating depression and mental illnesses.
A cautionary note is that without a proper diet, too much exercise may be harmful to health. Therefore, it is strongly suggested that a balanced diet program be included in any formal and regimented exercise program. It is advisable that pregnant women and individuals who have medical complications consult and seek advice from appropriate medical personnel prior to implementing or following a particular exercise program and will help in recognizing and preventing any possible health risks.
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